1-) What is a prophet?
Luke 22.37: "For I say to you, this word that is written must be fulfilled in me."
The prophet in the Holy Bible is a servant of God, he is an uncommon person who is totally devoted to him. His vocation is to answer the call, he testifies of his time and transmits the Word of God for his people. The prophet always receives a specific message, which can be received by a voice heard; a vision or even dreams.
Peter 1:21: "For it is not by a will of man that a prophecy has ever been brought, but it is from the Holy Ghost that men spoke from God."
Today, the prophetic imprint still influences a large part of humanity. By entering into their writings we can hear the tremendous power of the voice of God. According to some ancient sources, the term "navi" which refers to the Hebrew prophet takes root in the word "niv" as well in the following verse: "He brought forth the fruit on their lips" (niv) in Isaiah 57:19. "Navi" therefore refers clearly to the one who bears the word of God. Other commentators refer to "navi" as a root canal in the word "boa" which means "to come" or "to bring". The particularity of the prophets is to have annihilated their egos, becoming a channel of the Word of God.
Luke 1.69: "And hath raised us up a mighty Savior in the house of David his servant, as he hath spoken through the mouth of his holy prophets of old, a Savior who delivers us from our enemies, and from the hand of all those who hate us! ... "
2-) What is a prophecy?
It is a given revelation from God, a message for his people. The prophecy announces a directive, a warning or future events sometimes separated by hundreds of years. The greatest value of his revelations in the Old Testament is that they announce the Messiah Jesus, with precise information about his coming; his works, the establishment of his kingdom and his advent. The entire Bible is prophetic, it comes from one Spirit: God. The prophecy or "nava" in Hebrew means "flowing" or "gushing" which refers to the expression of the transmission of information at the proper time of God, in its purest form. Or more simply speaking in the name (Hashem) of God.
1 Corinthians 14:22: "Therefore, tongues are a sign, not for believers, but for unbelievers, and prophecy, on the contrary, is a sign, not for unbelievers, but for believers."
Prophets have an intimate relationship with God, receive a specific message or divine order, and pass on the information to the people as they receive it. Prophecy, then, is not just a mere anticipation or personal interpretation of future times. The prophet thus serves as an intermediary and intercessor between God and his people. The prophecies are centered on the same theme: the Glory of Christ and the establishment of his kingdom. The function of prophecy is to tell the truth and to strengthen the people of God.
In John 5:46, Jesus says, "For if you believed Moses, you would believe me also, because he wrote about me."
3-) The prophetic authority.
The Old and New Testaments are an indivisible continuity that is bound by the prophecies and their achievements. God is the author and Jesus Christ is the heart, the revelation and the end. The Bible is the only book that consists of at least 713 prophecies inspired by the Holy Spirit. The Holy Scriptures guarantee the truth, each prediction of the different prophets is intimately connected. "No prophecy of Scripture," says the Apostle Peter "does not interpret itself". The fullness and breadth of Scripture bear witness to the most obvious manner of its divine origin.
Revelation 22.18: "I declare it to every one who hears the words of the prophecy of this book," If anyone adds anything to it, God will strike him with the plagues described in this book, and if any man take anything away from the words of the book, from this prophecy, God will take away his share of the tree of life and the holy city, described in this book. "
The quantity of manuscripts of the New Testament today updated, amounts to more than 20,000 manuscripts. (first world manuscript)
The New Testament manuscripts far exceed the second world manuscript which is "The Iliad" with only 643 copies.
Another historical example highlighting the authority of the New Testament is that of the Roman Empire at the same time. Caesar carried out his war of Gaul between the year 58 and the year 50 BC, and his story is based on only ten manuscripts produced a thousand years after his death. The ministry of Jesus Christ, it lasted only three years
Sir Frederic Kenyon (former curator and librarian of the British Museum) said:
"The interval between the dates of the original composition and the oldest documents thus becomes almost negligible, the last foundation for doubting that the Scriptures have come to us in substance as they were written, now gone. as well as the general integrity of the New Testament books can be considered definitively established. "
Hellenist J. Harold Grennlee adds:
"From the moment when scholars accept the classics of antiquity as generally credible, while manuscripts have been copied long after the original writings, and the number of manuscripts in many cases is so small, It is clear that the validity of the New Testament is assured. "
4-) Who are the prophets in the Old Testament:
Among the best known that respond to the vocation, we can quote Moise; Abraham;Joshua; Gideon; Samson. Let us note four "great prophets" not by their notoriety but by their voluminous writings: Isaiah; Jeremiah;Daniel and Ezekiel. Finally we find the twelve "little prophets" just as unavoidable in the history of Israel as: Hosea; Joel; Amos;Abdias; Jonas; Micah; Nahum; Habakkuk;Zephaniah; Old; Zechariah; Malachi. Other prophets can be cited as: Deborah; Samuel;Nathan; Gad; Elijah Elisha ...
John 6:45: "It is written in the prophets, They shall all be taught of God, that whosoever heareth the Father, and hath received his teaching, cometh unto me.
5-) The prophetic revelations in the Old Testament.
The Old Testament delivers us no less than 300 prophecies, with particular peculiarities:
They deliver to the people the will of God.
They can predict nearby predictions; distant and very far away.
They are primarily announcing the first coming of the Messiah Jesus.
They give a multitude of precise information concerning the coming of Christ; his works and the advent of his Kingdom.
The same prophecies are given at separate times, by different prophets.
Biblical revelations are one and the same line of conduct.
The predictions made are verifiable.
An example of a prophecy that has these characteristics is a prophecy to which Matthew refers here, which is that of Isaiah 11: 1; Jeremiah 23: 5; and Zechariah 3: 8 where the announced Messiah is called the seed. The Hebrew form of the word Nazareth means "germ." Thus Jesus was, for two reasons: Nazarene and he was the "Sprout" announced by the prophets.
Jeremiah 23: 5 "Behold, the days are coming, saith the LORD, that I will raise up a righteous seed to David, and he shall reign as king, and prosper, and will do righteousness and equity in the land."
Here are some examples of prophecies referring to the Lord Jesus in the Old Testament, being fulfilled in the 4 Gospels:
"He would be from David's family. »; "He would be born of a virgin. »; "He would be born in Bethlehem. »; "He would stay in Egypt. »; "He would live in Galilee at Nazareth. »; "His coming would be announced by a messenger reminding Elijah. »; "His coming would be the occasion of a massacre of children in Bethlehem. »; "He would proclaim a jubilee to the whole world. »; "His mission would also touch the good guys. »; "He would have a healing ministry"; "He would teach in parables"; "The chiefs would not believe it and reject it"; "He would make a triumphal entry into Jerusalem"; "He would be like a battered shepherd"; "He would be betrayed by a friend for 30 pieces of money"; "He would die with criminals"; "We would give him vinegar and gall": "His clothes would be drawn"; "His last words in dying are announced"; "None of his bones would be broken"; "His side would be pierced"; "He will rise from the dead on the third day."
Luke 24:44: "And he said unto them, This is what I said to you when I was yet with you, that all that is written of me should be fulfilled in the law of Moses; in the prophets, and in the psalms, so he opened their minds for them to understand the scriptures .... "
So here is only a small part of the prophecies that tell us about the great features of the life of Jesus. Surprisingly, even the smallest details are clearly predicted in the Old Testament. Here are bold and indisputable proofs of the existence of the Spirit of God, who marks history through the centuries and his servants. His projects and drawings are made for our reason. It is necessary that our conscience of sinful man, hears them and accepts them. To challenge them is to manifest madness.
6-) Messianic prophecies.
John the Baptist is considered the last of the prophets of Israel, joining with the word the symbolic act of a baptism of water; he is the witness of the light announcing the coming of the Light. The Word is the true light, coming into the world, it enlightens all human beings, she came into her people and she became a man. It is the Glory of the only Son of God: Jesus Christ full of Love and Truth. Christ is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world and fulfills the prophecies.
1 Corinthians 2:13: "And we speak of it, not with speeches taught by human wisdom, but with those taught by the Spirit, using spiritual language for spiritual things."
Many founders of religions have proclaimed themselves prophets of God or of another deity. However, none of them could make predictions that were fulfilled. Jesus severely warns these same religious on their states of blind men not understanding the Holy Scriptures and their teachings and dragging others to perdition. Jesus is not a religion, he is the savior of the world. In his ministry, the Lord pronounced seventeen predictions described in the Bible.
Twelve of them were accomplished in a verifiable way:
Jesus foretold certain details leading to his crucifixion. (Mark 8.31)
Jesus predicts where to find a donkey mount ready for him. (Matthew 21.12)
Jesus predicts that a stranger would prepare a dining room for him. (Luke 22:12)
Jesus predicts that Peter would deny him three times before the rooster crows. (Matthew 26:34)
Jesus foretells the place, date, and manner of his death. (Matthew 26: 2, Mark 8:31)
Jesus predicts that he would be resurrected on the third day. (Matthew 6:21)
Jesus predicts his return to God in heaven. (John 14: 2, Mark 14: 62)
Jesus predicts the descent of the Holy Spirit of God on his disciples. (Acts 1: 5)
Jesus predicts that the authorities would persecute his followers. (John 16: 2)
Jesus predicts the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple of the living of his hearers. (Mark 13: 2)
Jesus predicts that his message would be announced to all people. (Matthew 24:14)
Jesus predicts the appearance of false prophets. (Matthew 24:11)
John 2:22: "Therefore when he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he said this, and they believed in the scripture and the word that Jesus spoke."
Six predictions of Jesus that must be fulfilled:
Jesus predicts a period of great tribulation that will precede his return. (Matthew 24.21)
Jesus foretold signs in heaven before His coming. (Matthew 24:29)
Jesus predicts his second coming to the world. (Matthew 25:13, Luke 24:26)
Jesus predicts the resurrection of the dead. (John 5:27)
Jesus predicts how He will judge all nations. (Matthew 25:31)
Jesus predicts the introduction of his millennial kingdom, having destroyed all dominion, authority and power. Jesus will give his kingdom to the Father. (1 Corinthians 15:24)
Matthew 24.29: "Immediately after these days of trouble, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light, the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken, then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the heavens, all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory .... "
7-) The Word of Life.
The words of Jesus and the various prophets in the Old Testament never contradict each other, they come together and come to life around the Lord who is the author. As he crossed the desert, Christ submitted Satan with a word: "It is written also, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God." Satan could have no power against the one whose every motive and act was the revealed Word of God. The Lord Jesus also gave the Holy Scriptures the highest value with its parables and timeless teachings.
John 5:24: "Truly, truly, I say to you, he that hears my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath eternal life, and cometh not in judgment, but has passed away from death. to the life."
For all the children of God, prophecy is given and revealed according to the will of the Holy Spirit. We remember Daniel and his 70-week prophecies, he surely did not understand the drawings of God in his day. But today, how grandiose and revealing for our generations.